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What is formal education?

A good education is essential to the good development of the child. However, as a parent, it is not always easy to know what type of education to go for the good of the child. Among the three predominant types of education: formal education, which is based on systemic learning, guided by teaching according to a curriculum. What is formal education? What are the advantages ? And conversely, the disadvantages? Answer in this article dedicated to formal education!

Definition: what is formal education?

Formal education refers to a system structured educational, which extends from primary to university, in France. Such a system encompasses specialized technical and vocational training programmes.

In principle, formal education is accompanied by evaluation of learning and skills acquired. It is based on a program, which can be more or less open to adaptation to the needs and preferences of each student and teacher.

Formal education is acquired within a institution, such as school, college, or university. If it is completed, it then leads to a validation of acquired knowledge and the issuance of a diploma.

little girl learning to write at school

The pros and cons of formal education

Strengths of formal education

Formal education is beneficial in many ways. In particular, it makes it possible to develop a set of skills specialized and respond to employment standards in force. In addition, it offers the opportunity to acquire significant organizational skills. As a bonus, it is suitable for different learning styles.

But that’s not all: formal education is a place of socialization, which allows you to create a network! In general, it guarantees a certain work security. It gives access to precise and up-to-date training, highly valued by employers. Furthermore, formal education contributes greatly to the social status of an individual.

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Weaknesses of formal education

Formal education also has weak points, like any type of education. Among the main shortcomings of systemic learning, we find in particular the lack of development of social skills and D’skills to decision making.

Another weak point of formal education: it is not based on a process natural. It is, in fact, less personal than, for example, in the democratic school, and is therefore more intimidating. Furthermore, the education organized and provided at school is generally more expensive and less efficient in terms of time, than any other kind of education. Finally, formal education unfortunately does not place enough emphasis on skills such as listening or even patience.

What are the other types of education?

Non-formal education

Non-formal education refers to the teaching of a particular subject, inside or outside the school, that is integrated into planned activities that are not explicitly designated as learning activities. They do, however, have an important learning element! Note that non-formal education is intentional on the part of the learner, just like formal education.

Informal education

Informal education, on the other hand, refers to learning that stems from activities of daily living, related to family, work, or leisure. So-called informal learning is neither organized nor structured, in terms of objectives, time or resources. Most of the time, informal education is of a unintentional from the learner.

teenage girl in formal education

Finally, what to remember?

Formal education is one of the most classic educations there is! It is, indeed, a fairly safe type of education, even if it is far from perfect. The advantage? It offers a certain security for the parent as well as for the child, thanks to the obtaining of a diploma recognized in the world of work. Disadvantage ? It leaves little room for the development of creativity and decision-making as well as for human relations.

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